Havre Chamber of Commerce
130 5th Ave Havre, MT 59501
(406) 465-4000
www.fortassinniboine.org

Fort Assinniboine

One of the most strategic military posts of the old west, Fort Assinniboine was built by the army in 1879 after the defeat of General George Custer's 7th Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876, and the surrender of the nontreaty Nez Perce under Chief Joseph at the Battle of the Bear Paws at Snake Creek in 1877 when they attempted to reach Canada.

The Fort was the largest military post in Montana, and the second largest in the US next to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. It was considered the most strategic in the Northwest because all the main North American trails crossed there. At its peak, about 600 infantry and cavalry troops were stationed there. Among these was the famous Black Tenth Cavalry Regiment.

Unlike most of the old west forts made of wood or adobe, Fort Assinniboine was constructed of brick and exhibited a style of military architecture that reflected the elegant civilian architecture of the East Coast. It consisted of over 100 buildings and a military reservation of over 700,000 acres.

While Fort Assinniboine never engaged in any major battles with North American Indians, through active patrol action/skirmishes, coordination with the NWMP, and intimidation by size alone, the Fort brought peace to the northern frontier. It also served to promote economic development of the region and is directly responsible for providing the economic nucleus/stimulus for the establishment and development of Havre, Montana and adjacent communities.

Open Monday to Sunday from 9am to 5pm and also by special appointment. Guides on site. For more information please call 406-265-4383 or visit: www.havremt.com

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